Search Results: education

Four Decades of Educational Inequalities in Hospitalization and Mortality among Older Swedes

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152369
Background: The inverse association between education and mortality has grown stronger the last decades in many countries. During the same period, gains in life expectancy have been concentrated to older ages; still, old-age mortality is seldom the focus of attention when analyzing trends in the education-mortality gradient. It is further unknown if increased educational inequalities in mortality are preceded by increased inequalities in morbidity of which hospitalization may be a prox...

Educational Homogamy Lowers the Odds of Reproductive Failure

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022330
Assortative mating based on education is a common phenomenon. We investigated whether it affected parameters of reproductive performance such as childlessness, offspring number and age at first marriage. On the basis of the US census from 1980 (n = 670,631 married US couples), we find that the proportion of childless individuals is usually minimal in women married to a husband of the same educational level. This holds particularly true in the highest and the lowest educate...

Gains in Life Expectancy Associated with Higher Education in Men

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141200
Background: Many studies show large differences in life expectancy across the range of education, intelligence, and socio-economic status. As educational attainment, intelligence, and socio-economic status are highly interrelated, appropriate methods are required to disentangle their separate effects. The aim of this paper is to present a novel method to estimate gains in life expectancy specifically associated with increased education. Our analysis is based on a structural model in wh...

Education Modifies Genetic and Environmental Influences on BMI

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016290
Obesity is more common among the less educated, suggesting education-related environmental triggers. Such triggers may act differently dependent on genetic and environmental predisposition to obesity. In a Danish Twin Registry survey, 21,522 twins of same-sex pairs provided zygosity, height, weight, and education data. Body mass index (BMI = kg weight/ m height2) was used to measure degree of obesity. We used quantitative genetic modeling to examine how genetic and shared ...

Bioinformatics Education—Perspectives and Challenges

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.0010052

Educational Inequalities in Acute Myocardial Infarction Incidence in Norway: A Nationwide Cohort Study

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106898
Background: Increasing differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality across levels of education have been reported in Norway. The aim of the study was to investigate educational inequalities in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) incidence and whether such inequalities have changed during the past decade using a nationwide longitudinal study design. Methods: Data on 141 332 incident (first) AMIs in Norway during 2001–2009 were obtained through the Cardiovascular Disease in Norw...

Strategies for Improving Participation in Diabetes Education. A Qualitative Study

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095035
Objective: Diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent and can lead to serious complications and mortality. Patient education can help to avoid negative outcomes, but up to half of the patients do not participate. The aim of this study was to analyze patients' attitudes towards diabetes education in order to identify barriers to participation and develop strategies for better patient education. Methods: We conducted a qualitative study. Seven GP practices were purposively selected based on s...

Diverging Trends in Cause-Specific Mortality and Life Years Lost by Educational Attainment: Evidence from United States Vital Statistics Data, 1990-2010

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163412
Background: Life expectancy at birth in the United States will likely surpass 80 years in the coming decade. Yet recent studies suggest that longevity gains are unevenly shared across age and socioeconomic groups. First, mortality in midlife has risen among non-Hispanic whites. Second, low-educated whites have suffered stalls (men) or declines (women) in adult life expectancy, which is significantly lower than among their college-educated counterparts. Estimating the number of life yea...

Improving Health by Investing in Medical Education

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0020424
Medical education in South Asia is reinventing itself, to create doctors who can meet the needs of the local community.

Educating a New Generation of Doctors to Improve the Health of Populations in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001108
Francesca Celletti and colleagues from WHO argue that a transformation in the scale-up of medical education in low- and middle-income countries is needed, and detail what this might look like.

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